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When facing wooden furniture, many consumers seem a bit confused and cannot distinguish between solid wood furniture and veneered panel furniture. And in order to sell the products quickly, some salespeople in furniture stores even call those veneered panel furniture "solid wood furniture". So how to distinguish between solid wood furniture and panel furniture?
This means that all the materials used in the furniture are solid wood, including the desktop, wardrobe doors, side panels, etc. are made of pure solid wood, and no other form of engineered board is used. The so-called panel furniture, also known as imitation solid wood furniture, looks very similar to solid wood furniture in appearance, and the natural texture, feel, and color of the wood are almost exactly the same as that of solid wood furniture. However, it is actually a mixture of solid wood and engineered boards, with parts such as the top, bottom, and shelves of the side panels made of thin wood veneer particleboard or medium density fiberboard.
Currently, most of the wooden furniture sold in the market adopts the structure of board wood, that is, solid wood is used to make the basic framework of the furniture, while engineered boards are used for the side and less stressed parts of the furniture. In a piece of furniture, if the proportion of solid wood is more than 70%, it can be regarded as solid wood furniture, and furniture made entirely of solid wood is relatively rare.
Their quality differs greatly. Even if they belong to panel furniture, their quality and grade may vary due to different materials and processes used for surface edge sealing and lamination. Common surface materials for panel furniture include thin wood veneer (commonly known as wood veneer), wood grain paper (commonly known as decorative paper lamination), PVC adhesive board, polyester paint (commonly known as baking paint), etc. The latter three surface materials are usually used for low and medium-grade furniture, while natural wood veneer is used for high-grade products. Among these laminating materials, the quality of decorative paper lamination is relatively poor and often has some defects such as open edges and cracks. Wood veneer laminates are currently popular in the market, but the thickness of the veneer varies, with several sizes such as 1mm, 1.5mm, 2mm, and 3mm. The thicker the veneer, the higher the simulation level, and the better the quality of the board.
Many industry professionals believe that looking at the wood grain on the surface of the furniture is a simple and effective way to distinguish between panel furniture and solid wood furniture. The color of the surface of panel furniture is relatively bright, and the wood grain looks regular, but the wood grain is not continuous, and in the same piece of board, the wood grain on the front and back sides often have inconsistent directions, making it difficult to link them. For example, for a cabinet door that looks like a certain pattern, find the corresponding pattern on the back of the cabinet door to see if it matches well. In addition, looking at scars is also a good way to identify solid wood: check if there are corresponding scars on the other side of the same area with scars.
Which one is better, solid wood furniture or panel furniture? This is probably a question many consumers want to ask. Solid wood furniture is relatively thick and durable because it is made of solid wood. Its color tone is relatively dim, which looks closer to nature and has a rustic beauty. Panel furniture has a modern style and various designs. With the continuous progress of the furniture industry, the simulation level of panel imitation wood furniture has become very high, and some panel furniture (especially those with wood veneer lamination) looks very similar to solid wood furniture.